A leading Polish director whose films are most influenced by those of his countryman Andrzej Wajda, Kieslowski began making documentaries which focused on the cultural, political and economic problems which sparked the emergence of the Solidarity movement.
Kieslowski ventured even closer to the realm of the human heart and soul and shifted further away from the political realities of contemporary Poland with his first international co-production, "The Double Life of Veronique" (1991).
A more conventional art house item, the film, not surprisingly, gave his career greater international exposure than ever before as it strikingly and intensely paralleled the lives of two very similar women. With his acclaimed trilogy, "Blue" (1993), "White" (1994) and "Red" (1994), based on the tricolor themes of liberty, equality and fraternity, Kieslowski, proffering a densely plotted network of chance meetings and mutually destructive relationships, once again used the alienated female psyche as a vehicle for his recurrent social and metaphysical ruminations. Later in 1994, he announced his retirement from filmmaking.
He suffered a heart attack in 1995 and died in March 1996 after undergoing bypass surgery.